What are pellets and for what purposes are they used?
Pellets are slices of sugar beet that have been enriched with molasses, dried and pressed. They are mainly used to feed ruminants, but are also given to pigs and horses. Their feed value is equivalent to that of barley in terms of calorific content.
What is the nutritional/fuel value of pellets?
Pellets have a high energy content, which is comparable to the energy content of barley. The feed value per 1,000 g of pellets is as follows: net energy lactation:
6.82 MJ NEL and releasable energy = 10.84 MJ ME
(Source: Bayerische Landesanstalt für Tierzucht [Bavarian Regional Institute of Animal Husbandry], 1999)
What is molasses?
Molasses adheres to sugar crystals after crystallisation and are separated from the sugar by being spun off in centrifugals. Molasses has a sugar content of
What is molasses used for?
Because of its sugar and raw protein content, molasses is used as a feed for beef cattle, dairy cows, horses, pigs and poultry. In some countries, molasses is mixed with grass, maize or grain as its rapidly fermentable sugar speeds up the silage-making process. Molasses is also used as a source of carbohydrates for fermentation purposes (alcoholic fermentation, production of baking yeast).
What is "Carbokalk"?
"Carbokalk" [carbolic lime] is a natural nutrient fertiliser. It is produced in a fine crystalline form when juice is purified in sugar factories. It is freed of nematodes and pathogens by means of heating. Its minimum calcium carbonate content is 45 %.
The "Carbokalk" is pressed to produce a solid matter content of about 70 %. The material obtained in this way, which has the same moisture content as soil, can be stored at the edge of a field without being covered. Because of its highly reactive surface, "Carbokalk" is a very rapidly acting calcium fertiliser and is suitable for all kinds of crops.
Who needs "Carbokalk"?
"Carbokalk" ensures that soils contain sufficient lime and are therefore essential for successful arable farming. Soils containing sufficient lime display improved aeration and drainage capabilities. Farmers also need "Carbokalk" to reduce the risk of silting and increase the availability of nutrients.
A sufficient supply of lime helps to increase resistance to drought. Lime promotes root growth and cell propagation. Between 5 and 8 tonnes of "Carbokalk" are required per hectare for normal liming of soil.
Is "Carbokalk" also supplied to non-beet farmers?
"Carbokalk" is also sold to farmers who do not grow sugar beet.