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Structures of sugar

What are simple sugars (monosaccharides)?
Examples of simple sugars are fructose and glucose.

What is fructose?
Fructose is a monsaccharide and, as its name indicates, occurs in fruit. Fructose is a ketohexose that can also be metabolised by diabetics, independently of insulin. Fructose can be obtained from the disaccharide sugar or the polysaccharide inulin.

What is glucose?
Glucose is a monosaccharide that occurs naturally in many fruits. It can also be obtained from sugar or starch, however.

What are double sugars (disaccharides)?
Double sugars consist of two single sugar molecules. The most well known double sugar is normal household sugar, which consists of one fructose molecule and one glucose molecule.

What are complex sugars or carbohydrates (polysaccharides)?
Complex sugars are produced when a very large number of single sugar molecules (e.g. glucose) are combined. The most important polysaccharide for nutritional purposes is starch.

What is natural sugar?
Natural sugar is not a precise term. It is often used to mean naturally occurring sugar (which includes our sugar) and/or sugar that is, as far as possible, left in its natural state (e.g. honey).

What is sugar-beet syrup?
It is produced by pressing or steaming and pressing fresh sugar beet. The resulting juice is evaporated to leave a dry substance and is purified using filtering agents, such as diatomite, cellulose, etc.

Does Südzucker also produce sugar-beet syrup (a kind of spread)?


Structures of sugar (PDF, 15.64 KB)