Sugar is an important global trading commodity. In countries with a moderate climate, especially Western, Central and Eastern Europe, as well as the United States, China and Japan, sugar is produced from sugar beets, whereas in tropical and subtropical areas it is extracted from sugar cane. The most important sugar producing countries are: India, Brazil, Thailand, China, Australia, Mexico, Cuba and the United States. In total, sugar is produced in 113 countries around the world. Seventy-one countries produce sugar from sugar cane, thirty-five only from sugar beets, and seven from both plants.
Development of total world sugar production in comparison to cane and beet sugar production
Since the end of the eighties, increases in global sugar production have been mainly attributable to sugar cane. In contrast, beet sugar production during the same period has remained relatively steady at about thirty-three million tones. Sugar cane and beet sugar production will reach 138 million tonnes and thirty-eight million tonnes respectively in fiscal 2011/12. Beet sugar accounts for about twenty-two percent of total production.
Sugar consumption by country
- in kg white sugar per head -