Sugar is an important global trading commodity. In countries with a moderate climate, especially Western, Central and Eastern Europe, as well as the United States, China and Japan, sugar is produced from sugar beets, whereas in tropical and subtropical areas it is extracted from sugar cane. The most important sugar producing countries are: Brazil, India, China, Thailand, the United States, Mexico, Cuba and Australia. In total, sugar is produced in 113 countries around the world. Seventy-one countries produce sugar from sugar cane, thirty-five only from sugar beets, and seven from both plants.